Decentralization and the increasing time-wise separation of generation and consumption require higher-level monitoring and control systems to ensure reliable and efficient use of resources

Grid management

Monitoring and remote control of complex transmission and distribution grids

Grid control systems

Higher-level, manufacturer-independent control and monitoring systems

Congestion management, Schedule management

MSCONS, IEC62325-451-2

Storage of renewable energies and their integration into the grid

Photovolatic, wind power, battery systems, flywheel generators